Political Parties in General
Forming a Political Party in Sweden
In Sweden there are no rules for forming a political party. A political party is officially a voluntary organization. This means that anyone can start or join a party, and a party with two members is recognized as a party under the law.
A party can register its party designation and candidates for an election. In this way the party protects its designation and its ballots. But a party does not have to register a designation to take part in an election.
To register a party designation a party must turn in an application which is supported by a certain number of voters. These voters do not have to be members of the party. To register for an election to parliament, 1500 signatures are required, for a county council election 100 signatures, and for a municipal election 50 signatures. The designation cannot be too similar to that of another party, and the party has to demonstrate that it has both by-laws and a board.
There are around 200 political parties registered in Sweden. Registration is removed if the party does not take part in two elections in a row.
The application to register a party designation shall be received by the Election Authority by the last day of February in the year of the election, for participation in that election.
Only the party’s legitimate representatives can register candidates. The candidates shall also indicate in writing that they have given the party permission to put their names forward.