The Social Democrats governed Sweden for a large part of the last century when the country's famous welfare state was created. It is still the country's largest party, and has been forced to attract new groups as the working-class has become much smaller.
In the run-up to the local, regional and national elections on September 14th, we profile all eight parties in the Swedish Parliament, with the help of Tomas Ramberg, political commentator at Swedish Radio News.
- Stronghold in the north.
- Second biggest in parliament.
The Moderate Party is the leading party in the four-party government coalition. Traditionally on the right-wing, it has moved more to the middle ground. It now sees itself as a party that creates jobs and lowers taxes.
- Won its first seats in 1988.
The Green Party was initially very radical in its stance. But over time it has toned down its opposition to traditional parties and broadened its campaign to include also other issues. In this election education is one of them.
- From centre to right-of-centre.
These days, the Liberal Party focuses on education and gender equality, but also profiles itself as a party in favour of nuclear power and joining the military alliance Nato.
- Smallest party in parliament.
The Christian Democrat Party is a conservative party, which stresses family values and good care for the elderly.
- Started out as farmers' party.
The Centre Party is currently part of the governing Alliance. Environmental issues, small businesses and a vibrant countryside are in focus.
- Formerly the Communist Party.
Sweden's Left Party of today is a socialist feminist party that wants to close the pay gap and ban profits for publicly funded companies.
- Youngest party in parliament.
With its anti-immigration stance, the Sweden Democrats was a controversial newcomer to parliament in 2010. The party has fascist and racist roots, but today mainly speak about not mixing cultures.