Without immigration, Sweden would have 2.5 million fewer inhabitants and the economy would be one fifth smaller than it is today. The report compared the costs of versus the intake from immigration since 1950 and determined that there has been a profit of SEK 900 billion.
The group of 1.6 million people in Sweden born abroad has a larger percentage of people of working age and fewer cost-intensive elderly people than those born in Sweden. This allows the immigrant to cover their own social costs, even if their rate of unemployment is higher.
According to the report, the costs of immigration are initially higher, but it should be seen as an investment. It is similar with children, which cost a lot while growing up but start paying back when they begin working.
"That means that the Sweden Democrats' idea to finance defense or to save elderly care by reducing immigration just does not add up," Sandro Scocco, Arena's chief economist, told newspaper Dagensnyheter.