A total 204 MPs voted against Löfven and 142 voted in his favour. There were no abstentions. Löfven's Social Democrat-Green Party coalition will stay on as a transition government until a new one is installed.
It is now up to the newly appointed speaker of parliament, Moderate Party MP Andreas Norlén, to present a proposal for a new prime minister and government in the coming days.
Infographic: Sweden's new parliament
See Sweden's new parliament.