According to the 31 women, they have been passed over in favour of male applicants in the admission process to a degree in Psychology. And the Swedish Equality Ombudsman is unwilling to look at any cases regarding gender based discrimination until a similar case, which has gone to the Appeal’s Court and is likely to become precedent, has been settled.
According to a survey carried out by the Swedish Centre for Justice (CFR), 75% of Swedish universities are using gender based selection, in up to 5400 cases only in 2009. According to CFR, 95% of the cases it is women who lose out. The reason behind the new criteria, says CFR, is that the universities are aiming for a more balanced gender distribution among their students.
Currently about 60% of students enrolled in higher education in Sweden are female, mostly due to female students graduating from secondary school with higher grades and because a higher percentage of the female students apply for university.