Until now, prisons, halfway houses and other criminal care in Sweden has been exclusively run and funded by state agencies.
The facilities are intended to hold prisoners who have served at least half their jail time, and are meant to assist inmates with the transition to everyday life. Those sent to halfway houses are encouraged to apply for work or attend courses in the community.
Two centers have been set up, the first in the southern city of Malmö, which is run by the Swedish Prison and Probation Service.
The second, located in the Stockholm area, is run by a private company. The first inmates are set to arrive next week.