Peter Grünberg (l) and Albert Fert

Nobel Physics to France and Germany for Hard Disk Miniaturization

The Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded to Albert Fert of France and Peter Grünberg of Germany for work with nanotechnology, the engineering of the very small.

In its citation the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences says their work, going back to independent discoveries in 1988, has made possible the technology for reading data on computer hard disks. Their work is responsible for the miniaturization of hard disks in laptop computers and music players in recent years:

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