Previously Sweden’s unique right to roam law, the Allemansrätten, had stopped any building on the coast. The law allows anyone to walk across both private and public land as long as they do not damage property and do not enter private gardens. Therefore houses could not be built by the sea as it would restrict people’s right to roam.
Environmental parties and the Swedish Tourist Board have expressed concern that wildlife, plants and beaches may be damaged. But the Swedish government are backed by many municipalities that have wanted to open up their coastlines to investors for some time.