Hate crimes are crimes that may be classified as having xenophobic, racial, religious or homophobic motives.
According to a study by the European Union agency for Fundamental Rights, only 15 of the 27 EU member states have such legislation. The study comprised 25 states.
Sweden does have legislation against hate crimes but even so, 3500 hate crimes were reported in 2007. 70 percent were xenophobic-related, 20 percent were homophobic, 6 percent were islamophobic and 3 percent were anti-Semitic.