Among the reforms being introduced during the coming year in Sweden, a further break-up of the passenger rail monopoly. Jan-Eric Nilsson, a professor in Transport Economics at the National Road and Transport Research Institute, says there are many countries where there is rail competition, but none are proposing what Sweden is doing.
The new reform opens up to competing rail operators on the same lines. For example, you might be able to choose if you want company A or company B to take you from Stockholm to Gothenburg. So they’d have to compete with each other, and hopefully offer competing prices.