In Sweden, the report says, there is concern that human trafficking has also increased, as companies hire illegal temp workers from agencies run by criminals.
Estonia reports that the number of bankruptcies there increased during the crisis, as companies were bought up by criminals and emptied of their assets. In Lativa a “shadow economy” has grown where many companies use illegal and untaxed workers.
The researchers also say that Baltic crime syndicates have become more “modern”, replacing hierarchical and more prone-to-violence forms with “flatter” structures working in projects. Violence, they say, is now seen as counter-productive, since it is undesirable to attract the attention of the police unnecessarily.