Call to legalise surrogacy

The Swedish National Council on Medical Ethics wants to allow surrogate mothers in Sweden. In a new report it recommends legalising non-commercial surrogacy.

However, before permission should be given the surrogate mother must already have her own children and be interviewed properly beforehand, it says. The surrogate mother should also be a close relative or friend of the prospective parents, it adds.

Swedish Radio news reports that at least 100 children have been born to Swedish parents using surrogate mothers abroad because it cannot yet be done here. The Swedish National Council on Medical Ethics functions as a consultant for government agencies and parliament. The government is now to look into the issue.

In a traditional surrogacy, the child may be conceived via home artificial insemination using fresh or frozen sperm or impregnated via IUI (intrauterine insemination), or ICI (intra-cervical insemination) performed at a health clinic. A gestational surrogacy requires the transfer of a previously created embryo and for this reason the process always takes place in a clinical setting.