Our journey around Sweden continues in Linköping in the province of Östergötland, south west of Stockholm. Linköping today has a population of just over 100,000.
Köping is related to “köpa”, the modern Swedish word for “to shop”, and the town started as a marketplace back in the Middle Ages. In fact, there are a handful of other Swedish towns with the same suffix. Tomorrow we’ll be visiting Linköping’s twin city of Norrköping, less than 40 kilometers away. Then there’s Nyköping somewhat closer to Stockholm, Lidköping, nearer to the west coast, Jönköping in the southern province of Småland, and Enköping, and just plan Köping, farther north.
In the archaic language of his medieval-based fantasy novels, the British 19th century writer William Morris called market towns cheapings, which has the same origin.
Linköping was first mentioned in 1104, as the location of Sweden’s second Catholic diocese, after Skara. It’s an old church center, and the oldest part of the cathedral dates back to the 12th century.
The Bishop of Linköping remains an important figure in today’s Lutheran Church of Sweden.
Old Linköping is an area with many old buildings from the past, moved there as kind of a living museum.
Linköping has also been in educational center.
The cathedral school grew into the third high school in Sweden, and today Linköping University, founded in the 1960’s, is well-known for its research in many fields.
Linköping has also had a high tech industrial base. One of the biggest employers is the aerospace company Saab, which builds the Gripen jet fighter in Linköping. It's one of Sweden's major industrial projects.
Swedish rock, blues, and pop singer Louise Hoffsten is a native of Linköping. She made it to the finals of the competition to pick the Swedish entry to the 2013 Eurovision Song Contest with “Only the Dead Fish Follow the Stream”.