"This is long term work. By 2020, we will have improved punctuality from 90 to 95 percent on five minute delays," says Gunnar Malm from the Swedish Transport Administration (Trafikverket).
Sweden still has some way to go beat the Swiss, whose trains of course run like clockwork.
"We can learn off each other. Switzerland has invested heavily in rail service and maintenance but they have a lot of short journeys," says Gunnar Malm to news agency TT.
The challenge is described as "great" and everyone must take responsibility if it is to succeed.
Rail operator SJ 's CEO Crister Fritzson says the company is motivated to keep trains running on time.
"Punctuality is the most important thing for us to have happy customers."