The Social Affairs Ministry wants to take away the limit on how many take-offs and landings planes can make at Bromma airfield in north Stockholm. It largely services domestic flights inside Sweden.
Swedavia, which runs the airport, says they could double the amount of passengers travelling via Bromma. It would also allow the city to permit more homes to be built near the airport.
The proposal is supported by the majority of Stockholm city council, which is run by the centre-right Alliance parties.
The opposition Green party, which wants to scrap Bromma airport, says unlimited flights would hit Stockholmers hard, and 80 per cent of those disturbed by aeroplane noise live in Stockholm.