"It is only reasonable for me to leave and let the new party leadership form its new team", he says.
Persson has held the post since 2012, then replacing Sofia Arkelsten in the role. The party chair is in charge of the party administration.
He is the next in a series of Moderate politicians who have decided to leave politics following September's general election defeat. They include former party leader Fredrik Reinfeldt and former finance minister Anders Borg.