The former principal of the Karolinska Institute, who was in office when Macchiarini was recruited, has also been sacked from her current post, as University Chancellor with responsibility for regulating Sweden’s higher education system.
Minister for Higher Education and Research, Helene Hellmark Knutsson, announced the sackings at a press conference on Friday evening.
Prime Minister Stefan Löfven commented on the case on Tuesday afternoon to news agency TT, saying it was "without doubt" a scandal, and that "the report that came yesterday made many people angry, with reason."
Paolo Macchiarini was employed by the Karolinska Institute between 2010 and 2016, and also by the Karolinska University Hospital. During that time he performed operations to insert his experimental windpipes into three patients, two of whom died.
In the beginning of this year, Swedish Television aired the documentary series The Experiments about Macchiarini's work and in February, then Karolinska Institute principal Anders Hamsten resigned as a consequence of the revelations around the surgeon.