This year's laureate, or laureates, will be named at 11:30 a.m. at the earliest in Stockholm by Thomas Perlmann, secretary of the Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine.
The prize honors advancements or discoveries in the field of health science though this year's award has been clouded by a scandal at Karolinska Institute for its recruiting and hiring of a now-discredited thoracic surgeon, Paolo Macchiarini. Several members of the Nobel Assembly that selects the laureates have either resigned or were dismissed because of it.
Last year's award was shared among three scientists for their work in developing treatments against malaria and roundworm parasite infections.
Following Monday's award is the Nobel Prize in Physics, which will be announced on Tuesday. After that on Wednesday is the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
The Nobel Peace Prize, which will be announced in the Norwegian capital of Oslo, will be revealed on Friday.
The Nobel Prize for Economics will be announced next week on October 10, and the Swedish Academy will announce the prize for literature on October 13.
Laureates traditionally receive their awards at a December 10 banquet in Stockholm, the date on which Alfred Nobel, the prize’s creator and the inventor of dynamite, died in 1896.