Asylum seekers who are given approval to stay in Sweden have a two year period in which they are paid an introduction benefit (Etableringsersättning) and embark on a number of other activites, including language lessons, internships and work programmes.
The Employment Agency survey revealed that at the completion of that period, only one in 20 continue with education such as secondary school or university.
The survey also showed that 52 percent continue with work programmes and 27 percent find jobs.
Labour Minister Ylva Johansson said many are afraid to take out loans in order to study. They then find it difficult to enter the labour market without the right training.
From July next year, the government is offering more financial support to those without the financial resources to study.