It was at a press conference in Katrineholm, west of Stockholm, that Swedish prime minister Stefan Löfven and the public administration minister Ardalan Shekarabi announced the move. It is expected to be carried out over the next two years and will concern between 500 and 550 jobs, the ministers said.
Löfven said this is a question of legitimacy for the state across Sweden. "For far too long, there has been a clear trend of centralisation,” he said, pointing out that too much government administration has been based in, and focused on, the capital city.
“Under the previous centre-right government, there was little interest in the rest of the country. There was a kind of obsession with Stockholm," said Löfven.
Löfven said that having most government authorities operating out of the capital marginalises people in the rest of the country as it limits opportunities to live and work in smaller towns.
"This move is fundamentally about legitimacy," Löfven said. "Because where the state is physically present, public trust and confidence increases. However, if it is the other way around – if state presence decreases around the country – the feeling of belonging and of trust and confidence decreases, too."
The government has already moved four government agencies from the capital.
The Health Agency moved to Kalmar, the Estate Agents Inspectorate moved to Karlstad, the Family Law and Parental Support Authority moved to Skellefteå, and parts of Statistics Sweden moved to Örebro.
Now, another seven authorities are to follow. These are:
- The Radiation Safety Authority (in part) - to Katrineholm
- The Polar Research Secretariat - to Luleå
- The Agency for Cultural Policy Evaluations and Analyses - to Gothenburg
- The Agency for Youth and Civil Society - to Växjö
- The ESF Council - to Gävle
- The Council for Higher Education - to Visby
- The Agency for Economic and Regional Growth (in part) to Östersund
In the case of the Radiation Safety Authority, the move concerns some 120 jobs. Minister for Public Administration Ardalan Shakarabi noted that 700 state jobs existed in Katrineholm in 2005. A decade later that figure was down to 520. Now, Shakarabi said, the hope is that many current staff members will decide to keep their jobs, and commute to Katrineholm.
"Katrineholm is a medium-sized Swedish municipality, with a strategic location in the middle of a growth region. Within 150 kilometres, a third of Sweden's population can be reached and we see big potential here," said Shekarabi.
Saco-S, the trade union for white-collar workers working for state agencies, is critical of the government's decision. In a written statement, chairperson Lena Emanuelsson said there is a risk that many employees will resign and that efficiency will go down.
"Previous experiences from relocations show that it is very costly and there is a negative effect on operations,” Emanuelsson said.
“Large expert agencies, such as the National Audit Office and the Agency for Public Management, have reached those conclusions in their evaluations. The government should listen to the experts and stop the plans to relocate government agencies," Emanuelsson insisted.