This year's laureate, or laureates, will be named at 11:30 a.m. at the earliest by Thomas Perlmann, secretary of the Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine.
Last year's award was given to Japan’s Yoshinori Ohsumi for ground-breaking experiments with yeast which exposed a key mechanism in the body’s defenses where cells degrade and recycle their components.
The Physiology or Medicine prize, the first of the Nobel prizes awarded each year, honours advancements or discoveries in the field of health science. The prize money (shared if there is more than one laureate) has been increased by a million this year, to SEK 9 million.
Physics and chemistry follow on Tuesday and Wednesday.
Prizes for achievements in science, literature and peace were first awarded in 1901 in accordance with the will of dynamite inventor and businessman Alfred Nobel.