The aim of the project is to collect data from hospitals in 37 different countries, so European health agencies can make plans to limit the spread of the problem.
The Public Health Agency of Sweden has been tasked with heading the project, alongside Karolinska University Hospital and the Eucast laboratory in Växjö. It is expected to continue for three years, but may be extended.
The project follows a similar study carried out in 2013. Sara Byfors, from Sweden's Public Health Agency, told Radio Sweden that this would allow them to determine whether any progress had been made, and analyze any new mechanisms of resistance.