Swedish Radio reports that 2,230 recruits began basic training last year.
"The results are not what we wished for. It is of course serious that we did not succeed in filling the training places we need," said Swedish Armed Forces head of recruitment Anders Åkermark.
He told Radio Sweden that the current economic climate in Sweden has made it difficult to compete with other professions.
The Swedish Armed Forces has had trouble attracting recruits since it ended conscription, but with the government bringing it back, with the first intake undergoing basic training this summer, the Armed Forces hopes to have at least 4,000 people in training in 2018.
Armed Forces: We need more money for defense in Sweden1:23 min 1:23 min
Wallström wants to reintroduce conscription1:24 min 1:24 min
Government to bring back conscription?2:14 min 2:14 min